Europe, Middle East & Africa

BELGIUM

Looking after your mobile workforce in a globalising economy - a guideline for Belgian organisations

(English) Published by the International SOS and Federation of Enterprises in Belgium. This booklet explains the legal requirements of employers in Belgium on their Duty of Care for mobile workers. Also includes case studies from Ideal Standard International, Janssen Pharmaceutica and Solvay on why insurance is not enough to fulfil Duty of Care responsibilities. 
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Denmark

Duty of Care Owed by Danish Companies to Their Overseas Employees: A legal Perspective

(English) Published by the International SOS Foundation and Norrbom Vingding. This summary provides an overview of the legal framework in Denmark governing Danish employers’ responsibility with regards to health and safety.

Finland

Working Safely Abroad

(English) Published by The Centre for Occupational Safety in cooperation with Castren & Snellman and the International SOS Foundation. This guide aims to help organisations in carrying out their health, safety and wellbeing duties and strengthen their safety culture.  

Also available in Finnish

 

Duty of Care Owed by Finnish Companies to Their Overseas Employees: A legal Perspective

(English) Published by the International SOS Foundation and Castren and Snellman. This summary provides an overview of the legal framework in Denmark governing Finnish employers’ responsibility with regards to health and safety.

France

  Étude sur les Entreprises de Taille Intermédiaire: Santé et sécurité des collaborateurs en   mobilité à l’international
  (French) Published by the International SOS Foundation. Covers Duty of Care legislation    in France and how mid-sized companies can protect their workforce abroad.

  
  Devoir de Protection et Gestion du Risque Voyage Étude Comparative Internationale
  (French) Published by International SOS. International comparative study of    multinational companies and how they implement their Duty of Care obligations. 

Guide Pratique Sûreté -  Sécurité des Voyageurs: 

à 

 l'Usage des Entreprises Françaises Travaillant à l’International
(French) Published by the AFTM. Highlights issues that companies may face when their employees travel and suggests a preventative approach.
L’obligation de sécurité des employeurs vis-à-vis de leurs salariés en mission à l'étranger 
(French) Published by Latham & Watkins, International SOS Foundation. Learn about the responsibilities that French employers have to protect their workforce traveling and working abroad.
Le Devoir de Protection des Employeurs à L’Égard des Expatriés, de leurs Personnes à Charge et des Voyageurs d’Affaires
(French) Published by Dr Lisbeth Claus. Details the obligations of employers towards employees on overseas travel.

Rendement de la Prévention: Calcul du Ratio Coût-Bénéfices de l’Investissement dans la Sécurité et la Santé en Entreprise
(French) Published by AISS. A return on prevention study performing a cost/benefit analysis of investing in health and security in an enterprise.

Germany

Fürsorgepflicht und Management von Reiserisiken Benchmarking-Studie

 (German) Published by International SOS. This study examines German companies and their attitudes and practices with regards to Duty of Care and Travel Risk Management.  

Fürsorgepflicht und Management von Reiserisiken Benchmarking-Studie Europa 

(German) Published by International SOS. This study examines European companies and their attitudes and practices with regards to Duty of Care and Travel Risk Management. 

Gesundheit und Sicherheit bei Auslandseinsätzen
(German) Published by Rudolf & Vossberg. Paper covers German law on the Duty of Care requirements of employers for employees that travel and work across borders.


Medical Assistance: A new field in medicine
(German) Publised by Dr Stefan Eßer, Klaus Schäfer, Kai Sickmann, Christine Wehrhahn and Jadwiga Dutsch. Covers the new field of Assistance Medicine and how it helps prevent and treat illness and injury for those travelling and working abroad.

Prävention lohnt sich Kosten und Nutzen von Präventionsmaßnahmen zu Sicherheit und Gesundheit am Arbeitsplatz für die Unternehmen
(German) Published by ISSA. This document covers effective workplace prevention strategies with to reduce illness, injury and death.


Rechte und Pflichten
(German) Published by the International SOS Foundation. Paper covers the overseas responsibilities that German employers have towards workers.

Return on Prevention
(German) Published by the International SOS Foundation and Prevent. This study investigates the latest thinking on the risks associated with international assignments and the costs of failure.


Ireland

Duty of Care Owed by Irish Companies to Their Overseas Employees: A legal Perspective 
 
(English) Published by the International SOS Foundation and Arthur Cox. This summary provides an overview of the legal framework in Ireland governing Irish employers’ responsibility with regards to health and safety.

Italy

Security accessible - Security in the workplace for researchers in areas exposed to geopolitical risk.

(Italian)  Published by The University of Trieste  -  What is normality between intelligence and terrorism? 

 

Duty of Care   La responsabilità di tutela dei dipendenti: salute e sicurezza dei collaboratori che operano all’estero
(Italian) Published by the International SOS Foundation and BonelliErede. 

The Responsibility of Employee Protection: Health and Safety of the Collaborators Who Work Abroad

(Italian) Published by the International SOS Foundation and BonelliErede. A paper on the legal Duty of Care requirements organisations should be aware of when sending employees overseas.

 

Il Duty of Care in Italia e la Responsabilità dei Datori di Lavoro Verso gli Espatriati e i Viaggiatori

(Italian) Published by B&P Avvocati. A briefing paper on Duty of Care in Italy and the responsibility of companies to their business travellers.

Netherlands

Zorg Voor Uw Mederwerkers Die de Grens Overgaan
Handleiding voor Nederlandse Organisaties  (Dutch)

This publication is intended to guide companies with international ambitions. Experts from AWVN and International SOS Foundation outline some of the concepts of Duty of Care and the legal environment. Besides three Dutch companies, Pon Equipment & Pon Power, Royal HaskoningDHV and Tata Steel explain what Duty of Care means to them and how they have implemented a program to fulfill their Duty of Care as an employer.

NORWAY

Duty of Care in Norway: A Legal Perspective

(English) Published by Kluge and International SOS Foundation. An overview on the responsibility of Norwegian companies for their employees travelling on business and overseas assignments.

Spain

Deber de Protección: Una Visión de la Prevención de Riesgos Laborales en el Marco de la Internacionalización de las Empresas

(Spanish) Published by Rosario Rodriguez de la Morena. An overview of how to mitigate travel risk for business travellers, assignees and global workforce. 

El Deber de Protección del Empleado Expatriado o Desplazado en la Legislación Española

(Spanish) Published by International SOS. Benchmarking study comparing attitudes on Duty of Care in Spanish organisations to global organisations.


El Rendimiento de la Prevención: Cálculo de los Costos y Beneficios de las Inversiones en la Seguridad y Salud en el Trabajo en las Empresas

(Spanish) Published by AISS et al.


Obligaciones de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales Respecto de los Trabajadores Desplazados al Extranjero

(Spanish) Published by International SOS.

South Africa

Duty of Care in South Africa: A Legal Perspective

(English) Published by Werkman's Attorneys and the International SOS Foundation. Learn about an employer's duty of care in South Africa under the Occupational Health and Safety Act and what it means for travellers, assignees and worker's abroad.

Sweden

Duty of Care Owed by Swedish Companies to Their Overseas Employees: A Legal Perspective
(English) Published by the VINGE and the International SOS Foundation. This summary provides an overview of the legal framework in Sweden governing Swedish employers’ responsibility with regards to health and safety.
 

Switzerland

Extension du Devoir du Protection (“Duty of Care”) aux Bilans de Santé des Voyageurs en Mission et des Expatriés

(French) Published by Jean-Bernard Carbonnel. This study provides an overview of medical practices (including health checks) by Swiss employers to ensure Duty of Care. 

Also available in English

Can you Get Sued in Switzerland?

(English) Published by Michel Chavanne. Overview of the rights and obligations of Swiss companies and organisations pertaining to their travelling and expatriate staff.

Also available in French and German

International SOS Foundation has produced a new practical and simple Duty of Care checklist in partnership with Switzerland’s largest employers accident insurer, SUVA.

Available in French and German and English

United Kingdom

Sending Workers Abroad: A Scottish Perspective on the Employer's Duty of Care in Relation to Health, Safety and Security.
Published by Burness and Paul and the International SOS Foundation. An overview of Scottish Duty of Care legislation and the impact to the mobile worker.


Sending Workers Abroad: a Perspective on the Employer's Duty of Care in Health, Safety & Security Matters
Published by Allen & Overy, International SOS Foundation. An overview of the legal considerations of Duty of Care for global mobility in the United Kingdom. 



Guidance on Health and Safety in Fieldwork
This document provides a framework for establishing policies and procedures that enable staff, students and other participants in higher education institutions to undertake fieldwork safely.